THE HIGGS BOSON IS A PARTICLE ASSOCIATED WITH THE BROUT-ENGLERT-HIGGS FIELD
The fundamental particles, such as electrons and quarks, which make up protons and neutrons, interact with this energy field that is present throughout the Universe, like a kind of web that extends everywhere. When a particle interacts with the Higgs field, it acquires mass. Without the Higgs field, the particles would have no mass and could not form atoms: matter would not exist, and neither would stars or galaxies; no form of life would be possible. Particle accelerators stimulate the Higgs field so as to create and measure Higgs bosons. In 2012, the ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN announced the discovery of the Higgs boson opening a new chapter in particle physics.
The LHC produces millions of Higgs bosons. These have a very short lifespan before they disintegrate into other particles, as recorded by detectors. The data retrieved from the detectors is processed by computers. This image shows a particle compatible with a Higgs boson, detected by the ATLAS experiment (top) and CMS experiment (botton).