The european organization for nuclear research (CERN) is an international research laboratory founded in 1954. Located near Geneva, straddling the Swiss and French borders, it is the largest particle physics laboratory in the world. It currently has 23 Member States and 10 Associate Member States. Decisions on its scientific activities are taken by the CERN Council, in which all Member States participate. Data from CERN’s research is open and is analysed at universities and institutes around the world. More than 17,000 people from countries across the globe take part in CERN projects, which makes the Laboratory a model of international collaboration.
The LHC is the largest and most powerful particle accelerator in the world. Each LHC dipole weighs 34 tonnes and is 15 m long. It started operation on 10 September 2008 and is the latest addition to CERN’s accelerator complex. Scientists from the ATLAS and CMS experiments at the LHC celebrated the announcement of the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics, awarded to François Englert and Peter W. Higgs for postulating the existence of the Higgs boson.